Hindering Euro Norms:
following are a set of lacunae found in the pollution control
and implementation of Euro norms in India.
1)These standards have not been implemented for the entire
country. The government has not given any rationale reason
for not adopting these standards for the whole nation?
2)The issue of pollution by the existing fleet of old technology
vehicles still remains.
Estimates show that 70 per cent of the cars are from the
pre-catalytic converter era. It is established that the
catalytic converters substantially reduce emissions of carbon
monoxide and hydrocarbons.
3)The current set of diesel vehicles on our roads emits
inordinate amounts of particulate matter, NOx and sulphur
dioxide. Of highest concern are the fine, respirable particles
of sizes 10 and 2.5 microns (PM10 and PM2.5) which are highly
carcinogenic and carry toxic heavy metals with them. It
is time the government set standards to particularly address
PM10 and PM2.5 emissions. The answer may lie in control
technologies such as particulate traps, oxidation catalysts,
and NOx catalytic controls.
4)The poor maintenance of vehicles in India, there is a
tendency for vehicles to pollute more as they get older.
Solution could lie in mandatory periodic fitness certification
for all such vehicles. A rigorous maintenance schedule by
the owner and genuine certification by authorised service
stations would be the key elements of any such effort.
5) The Motor Vehicles Act of 1988 and the Central Motor
Vehicles Rules of 1989 place no limit on the age of vehicles
plying on the road and also lack any provision that addresses
the scrappage of old commercial vehicles being challenged
in a court of law. Even with the best of maintenance standards,
the older vehicles may still cause an unacceptable level
6) The courts directives do not apply to old personalised
7)The crucial role of oil refineries in improving air quality
cannot be overstated.
Fuel adulteration is rampant. For vehicles to conform to
Euro I and II
norms, it is imperative that petrol and diesel adhere to
specific fuel properties. The oil refineries still produce
diesel with high levels of sulphur, and leaded petrol is
even now a reality. Fuel adulteration is rampant.
Unless these above stated hindrances are overcome, the race
against pollution will be lost even before getting started.